Zakat & Charity Information

Zakat is the fourth and fundamental pillar of Islam. Its denier is excluded from the realm of Islam. Its importance can be gauged from the fact that in the Holy Qur’an, Zakat is mentioned along with prayers in 82 places. What is charity? And what is Zakat?

Zakat has a literal meaning “To be pure, to grow” Whereas in the Shari’ah term, charity definition & Zakat means that a person whose wealth reaches the scale of paying Zakat, then he should pay his special wealth with special conditions, according to a certain rate.

In many verses of the Holy Qur’an, it is commanded to pay Zakat. Almighty Allah says: Which means O you who believe, perform the prayer and pay the obligatory charity.

Considering the study and meaning of Surah Al-Muzammil, then in this Surah also Zakat has been ordered to be paid. The importance of Zakat is also evident from the fact that when a group came to the Prophet’s house and inquired about the teachings of Islam, the Hazrat Muhammad(PBUH) mentioned prayers first and then Zakat charity in his deeds.

Charity

After the demise of the Prophet (peace be upon him) when some people confessed not to pay Zakat charitie, Hazrat Abo Bakar (MAPH) the first caliph waged jihad against them. The Qur’an has issued a stern warning against those who do not pay Zakat.

Since the literal meaning of Zakat is to purify, the person who pays Zakat not only purifies his wealth according to God’s command but also purifies his heart from the lust for wealth. Paying Zakat makes him realize that the wealth he earns is not in fact his own property but a trust given by God Almighty.

When a person spends a blessing like wealth on the command of Allah Almighty, then Allah Almighty appreciates his self-sacrifice and considers this spent wealth as his debt and promises that he will repay this debt of the servant many times over.

Importance of Zakat in the light of Hadiths

 Abo Horaira says that Holy Muhammad (PBUH) said: When you paid Zakat on your wealth, you did your duty.

It is narrated from Hazrat Hassan Basri that the Holy Prophet (PBUH) said: “Protect your wealth through Zakat and treat your illnesses through charity and face the waves of adversity through prayer and weeping.”

Hazrat Abo Horaira (MAPH) narrated charity meaning that the Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) said to the people sitting around him: You guarantee me six things, I guarantee you Paradise. Hazrat Abo Horaira said: Ya  Rasool Allah (PBUH)! What are those (six things)? The Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) said: Prayer, Zakat (payment), fidelity, protection of the private parts, protection of the stomach from haraam and tongue (do not say bad things).

Issues of Zakat

Zakat is obligatory on those who have a certain amount of gold, silver, money or goods traded. This special amount is called Nisaab. The curriculum of different items is as follows: If the gold is seven and a half tolas, then Zakat has to be paid in the same way, if the silver reaches fifty-two and a half tolas, then Zakat has to be paid.

Zakat is obligatory on a property when a full year has elapsed since its accumulation. The best way to pay Zakat is to pay the eight expenses mentioned in the Qur’an. That is, Zakat should be given first to one’s poor and deserving relatives, neighbors, relatives, one’s co-workers, one’s city dwellers and later to other people. In addition white-clad people who do not reach out to anyone despite their poverty should be given preference.

see more:quran-chapter-9-verse-29

Some Principles of Paying Zakat

  • Zakat is taken only from Muslims.
  • Relatives whose maintenance is obligatory according to Shari’ah such as mother, father, son, daughter, husband, wife, etc. Zakat cannot be given to them but they are preferred over others.
  • The Zakat of an area should normally be distributed in that area itself. However, due to non-receipt of Zakat in this settlement or in case of emergency like flood, earthquake, and famine in another settlement Zakat can be given.
  • Those who pay Zakat should satisfy as much as possible that those who receive Zakat deserve Zakat.
  • Necessary items can also be purchased with Zakat money.
  • It is not necessary to tell the deserving Zakat that it is money or property of Zakat.
  • One of the problems of Zakat is that if Zakat is given to a rich person who is not entitled to it unknowingly, he will have to pay it again when he finds out.
  • Zakat is obligatory on an adult Muslim.
  • Zakat is obligatory on the wise Muslims, that is, the Muslim who is in his senses, not on the insane.
  • Zakat is obligatory on free Muslims. Not on a slave.
  • Such a Muslim falls under the obligation of Zakat on which there is no debt, ie he is free from debt etc.
  • Zakat will be paid on the goods which increase, such as trade goods or gold and silver etc.

Terms of Zakat

  • The currency has reached the Shariah syllabus.
  • A year has passed on it.
  • He should be free from debt.
  • Needs more than life.
  • Zakat is not obligatory on residential houses, plots and flats etc. unless the house or flats, plots etc. are used for business purposes. Zakat is on their value.
  • Zakat will also have to be paid to the original owner of the amount held by the agency holders and traders as collateral with a company or firm.
  • Items that are provided for sale or purchase for profit are called trade goods such as grains, textiles, animals and household goods. Zakat is obligatory on them while Zakat is not obligatory on trade instruments.
  • The shareholder in the joint venture will pay Zakat in proportion to his share.
  • Zakat is not paid by paying taxes.

Ramadan and Zakat

It is obligatory to pay Zakat only once a year. In the month of Ramadan, most people prefer to pay Zakat because in this holy month the reward for every good deed is increased seventy times.

Allah Almighty protects those who pay Zakat from diseases like love and greed for wealth and protects man from sins like stinginess and miserliness. Due to the blessing of wealth, the spirit of giving thanks to Allah is created in the heart of man.

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