Trade Bitcoin in the light of islam

In recent years, Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies have gained significant popularity worldwide. For Muslims, however, the question arises: Can one trade Bitcoin in the light of Islam? This article explores the intersection of crypto currency trading and Islamic principles, providing valuable insights for those interested in this subject.

The accepted principle of the world is that the initial, natural, and original currency (Money/currency) is gold and silver. The second form of money is paper currency, which is not property in itself, but the value found in it is the country’s economy.

Because the country’s economic growth and decline immediately affect the currency’s value, the currency’s value is guaranteed by the country’s central or currency-issuing bank. That is why when a country closes any of its currencies, the currency becomes a piece of paper.

Understanding Bitcoin

What is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is a digital currency created in 2009 by an unknown person using the alias Satoshi Nakamoto. It operates on a decentralized network using blockchain technology, ensuring secure, transparent transactions without a central authority.

How Does Bitcoin Work?

Bitcoin transactions are verified by network nodes through cryptography and recorded in a publicly distributed ledger called a blockchain. Users can trade Bitcoin on various platforms to buy, sell, or hold the cryptocurrency.

Islamic Perspective on Bitcoin Trading

Principles of Islamic Finance

Islamic finance is based on principles derived from Shariah law. These include:

  • Prohibition of Riba (Usury): Interest-based transactions are forbidden.
  • Gharar (Uncertainty): Excessive uncertainty and speculation are discouraged.
  • Halal (Permissible): Transactions must involve permissible (halal) goods and services.
  • Risk Sharing: Profit and loss should be shared among parties.

Bitcoin and Riba

One of the main concerns in Islamic finance is the prohibition of riba. Bitcoin itself does not involve interest; however, trading on margin or using Bitcoin for loans with interest may not be permissible.

Bitcoin and Gharar

The volatility and speculative nature of Bitcoin raise questions about gharar. While investing in Bitcoin is not inherently speculative, it is crucial to approach it with caution and avoid excessive risk.

Halal and Haram Aspects

For a transaction to be halal, the object of the trade must also be permissible. Since Bitcoin is not tied to haram activities and is used as a currency, many scholars argue it can be considered halal, provided the trading practices adhere to Islamic principles.

Guidelines for Trading Bitcoin in Islam

Educate Yourself

  • Understand Cryptocurrency: Learn about how Bitcoin and blockchain technology work.
  • Study Islamic Finance: Gain knowledge about the principles of Islamic finance and how they apply to modern financial instruments.

Choose the Right Platform

  • Islamic-Friendly Exchanges: Select cryptocurrency exchanges that comply with Islamic finance principles.
  • Avoid Margin Trading: Steer clear of margin trading and other interest-based transactions.

Investment Strategies

  • Long-Term Holding: Consider holding Bitcoin as a long-term investment rather than engaging in frequent trading to minimize speculation.
  • Diversification: Spread investments across various assets to reduce risk and avoid excessive reliance on one type of investment.

Trading Bitcoin

A third form of currency that has emerged in modern times is the Digital Currency. This currency is not owned by any particular center (government or state) but has the status of a free and independent currency that the people directly own.

It is stored on a computer server instead of a coin or paper note, which can be moved from one place to another via the Internet or a digital device. That is why it is called Crypto currency / Virtual Currency. One form of this digital currency is Bitcoin.

Like other digital currencies, Bitcoin’s existence is limited to the Internet; it has no physical existence externally. It was created for mining and transactions using block chain technology.

How To Trade Bitcoin

It still needs to have the general acceptance and legal status of a common currency – its use raises several concerns. There is no organized body or government behind it. It is difficult to estimate the supply and demand in the market accurately and promptly, so its actual value cannot be ascertained accurately.

Other digital currencies, including Bitcoin, are legalized in some countries. In countries where digital currency transactions and transactions are legally recognized, there is nothing wrong with using it. However, where it is legally prohibited or unrecognized, it is best to avoid its transactions and trading through it.

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According to Shari’ah orders, the buyer must have the purchased item. In today’s modern world, buying and selling methods have changed. People import goods from other countries, bring them to their own country, and sell them to others.

In this case, if they sell the goods after taking possession of them, the cost of delivering goods is very high, and warehouses with ample space are also required to store them. If a trader from Gilgit only imports goods from Europe, his goods will first arrive at the port of Karachi. Now, if he first orders all the goods to Gilgit and later sends them to Hyderabad, Khanpur, Rawalpindi, Peshawar and Lahore for sale, he will incur huge expenses, increasing the value of the goods.

It is better that if the buyer/importer possesses the goods in such a way that he can sell them to whomever and whenever he wants and take them wherever he wants, then such buying and selling will be permissible in the possession order. Whether buying or selling via the Internet or fax or any other means.

But if the buying and selling through the Internet is done so that the buyer has no knowledge of the goods and does not even have control over them, all the buying and selling is in the air, and there is no existence on earth. If not, then such a trade is not permissible, according to Shari’ah.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Bitcoin Halal or Haram?

Bitcoin itself is considered halal by many scholars as it is a form of currency. However, the manner of trading and use determines its permissibility. It must adhere to Islamic principles, avoiding riba and excessive speculation.

Can I Trade Bitcoin on Islamic Exchanges?

Yes, there are Islamic-friendly exchanges that comply with Shariah law. Researching and choosing a platform that aligns with Islamic principles is essential.

What Should I Avoid When Trading Bitcoin?

Avoid margin trading, interest-based loans, and excessively speculative practices. Ensure all transactions are transparent and adhere to the principles of risk-sharing and fairness.


Trading Bitcoin in the light of Islam requires a careful approach to ensure compliance with Shariah law. By understanding the principles of Islamic finance, choosing the right platforms, and adopting prudent investment strategies, Muslims can navigate the world of crypto currency trading responsibly. Remember, the key is to balance modern financial opportunities with the timeless values of Islamic teachings.

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