Are you looking for Qasar Namaz Rakat chart” Do you know which prayer it is? Surely every Muslim will know about it. Because it is one of the basic teachings of Islam Deen. Muslims offer five daily prayers as an act of worship. If you have to go In order to facilitate this, the performance of this prayer is reduced.
For example, if one prays four rak’ats daily in the daily Zuhr, Asr and Isha prayers, then one has to perform two instead of four in the journey. This is called Qasr Namaz. In the Qur’an, Allah says:
“And when you travel in the land, there is no blame on you for shortening the prayer (read two instead of the obligatory four rak’ahs)”
What Is Qasar Namaz
Here it may come to one’s mind that nowadays the journey is not so difficult and one is not often afraid of being harmed by the disbelievers. Then why is the prayer shortened qasar namaz rakat? The answer is in the following hadith:
Hazrat YaAla ibn Umayyah said: I asked Hazrat Umar that Allah Almighty says in Quran about Qasar Namaz: then Hazrat Umar (RA) said: I asked the Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH)and Prophet said: Allah Almighty has given charity (reduction of prayers in travel) so accept the charity of Allah Almighty.
According to the jurists, the journey in which it is obligatory to shorten the prayers is a distance of three days in terms of moderate gait. In the present era, the jurists have estimated its distance to be 48 miles, which is about 78 kilometers in terms of kilometers, now it is 48 miles or about 78 kilometers valid.
If a person travels on a motorcycle, car or plane, etc. in a very short time, then the same rule applies to him, that is, he is a passenger. The Hanafi jurists argue in determining the amount of Shariah travel from the following ahaadeeth:
Hazrat Shurah bin Hani narrates that I came to the service of Hazrat Ayesha Siddiqah (RA) and asked about the period of wiping on socks. She said: Go to Hazrat Ali and asked about this issue. Find out because he used to stay with Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) often.
Hazrat Ali (RA) said that Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) has fixed The period for this person is three days and three nights which will be on the journey and the period for this person is one day and one night where he stays.
When Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar went to Mecca and intended to stay for fifteen days, he would open his back and offer the whole prayer.
Therefore, according to the Hanafis, Qasr prayers will end with the intention of staying at a place for fifteen days after the Shariah journey. But it will be obligatory to shorten the prayers on the way back and forth with the intention of staying for fifteen days. With the intention of staying for less than fifteen days, short prayers will also be obligatory during the stay.
How to perform Qasar Namaz Rakat
Permission to shorten is only for Farz Namaz. and other prayers, it is not shortened, but there are two ways to perform it. That is, the rest of the prayers will not be offered in a state of fear and tolerance, while it will be offered in a state of complete peace.
How many rakats to pray when travelling?
The method of shortening the prayers travel namaz is narrated from Hazrat ebn Umar (that he performed the prayers with Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH).
I recited four rak’ahs with you in Zuhr, then two rakat of Sunnat. During the journey, he recited two rak’ahs of Zuhr with the Holy Prophet (sws) and then performed two rakat of Sunnat. And (during the journey) performed ASR prayer for two rak’ahs, after which he did not recite anything.
He used to perform three maghrib rakat of Maghrib prayers in Safar and Hazr and he used to perform Maghrib duties in Safar and Hazr not less than three and these are the witr of the day and after that he used to perform two rak’ahs. Not shortened in Witr and Sunnah. This is how we will perform the obligatory prayers qasar namaz rakat during the journey.
Qasar Namaz Rakat Chart
Fajr namaz rakat/ 2 rak’ahs
Zuhr namaz rakat / 2 rak’ahs
Asr namaz rakat / 2 rak’ahs
Maghrib namaz rakat /3 rak’ahs
Isha namaz rakat / 2 isha rakat
Rulings on Qasar Namaz Rakat
- If a person leaves the city limits with the intention of traveling according to Shari’ah 78 kilometers, it will be shortened for him and if he returns, he will have to offer full prayers namaz rakat as soon as he enters the city limits.
- If a person intends to stay in another city for less than fifteen days, he will offer short prayers. If it is intended for fifteen days or more, then full prayers namaz rakat will have to be offered instead of short prayers.
- If a person intends to stay for less than fifteen days and he stays fifteen days, then he will be a traveler and shortening will be obligatory.
- If you do not intend to stay at all, you can stay for several months without any intention. So he will shorten it, for example, he intends to leave in the evening or in the morning, but as the days go by, he will be a traveler.
- If he intends to stay for more than fifteen days but the place is not to stay, for example river or forest, then Qasr is still obligatory.